Summary executions


Response from the Government of Sri Lanka dated 27 September 2007



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Response from the Government of Sri Lanka dated 27 September 2007
HE Mr. Dayan Jayatilleka will in due course forward your communications [dated 12 September, 19 September and 20 September 2007] to the competent authorities in Colombo seeking urgent responses to the several alleged events and issues raised by you in the aforementioned communications.
Sri Lanka: Impunity for the Killing of 38 Humanitarian Workers since 2006
Violation alleged: Impunity
Subject(s) of appeal: 38 persons
Character of reply: Cooperative but incomplete response
Observations of the Special Rapporteur
The Special Rapporteur appreciates the initial information provided by the Government of Sri Lanka concerning the killing of the 17 ACF workers in Trincomalee District and looks forward to be provided with the findings of the Commission of Inquiry and to be kept informed of the progress of the investigation by the Criminal Investigation Division of the Sri Lankan police.
The Special Rapporteur notes that the Government of Sri Lanka has not yet provided him with information concerning the other 21 humanitarian workers listed in his communication and who have been killed since 2006.
Allegation letter dated 19 September 2007
I would like to bring to your Government’s attention information I have received concerning the alleged killing of 38 humanitarian workers in Sri Lanka since 2006, including 17 Action Contre la Faim (“ACF”) employees in Sri Lanka, in August 2006 and the subsequent official investigations into their killings. It is my understanding that the investigations into the killings have been inconclusive and perpetrators have not been found.
According to information I have received:
17 aid workers of ACF were shot dead in early August, 2006 on the grounds of the ACF office in Muttur. Post mortem records reportedly indicate that 16 of the victims were shot in the head and the 17th in the neck.
It was reported that on the evening of 1-2 August, 2006 the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) attacked Muttur and proceeded to take control. The Government of Sri Lanka reportedly counter attacked. The town was shelled by both parties to the conflict, a number of civilians were killed, and many fled the town. Attempts at evacuating the ACF staff failed. Both the ICRC and the Sri Lankan Army were informed of the presence of the ACF staff at the organization’s compound in Muttur.
Official police reports apparently indicate that, right from the outset, the police concluded that the LTTE were responsible for the killings. Seven months after the killing the CID reportedly had not interviewed any member of the Sri Lankan security forces (army or navy), nor any witness other than some of the relatives of those killed.
In addition to this particular case I have received reports concerning the deaths of a significant number of other aid workers (see list of those reportedly killed in the Annex below). The same problem of failure to investigate effectively and to prosecute appears to apply to each of these cases.
While I do not wish to prejudge the accuracy of these allegations I urge your Excellency’s Government to take effective measures against what appears to be a failure to investigate effectively, to prosecute and to take measures designed to prevent further assassinations of aid and humanitarian workers.
In this respect, I would like to recall that all States have “the obligation … to conduct exhaustive and impartial investigation into all suspected cases of extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, to identify and bring to justice those responsible, … and to adopt all necessary measures, including legal and judicial measures, in order to bring an end to impunity and to prevent the recurrence of such executions” (Commission on Human Rights resolution 2004/37, para. 4). This obligation, affirmed also in the jurisprudence of the Human Rights Committee (see the Committee’s views in Arhuacos v. Colombia, Communication no. 612/1995, § 8.8), is part of the obligation to respect and protect the right to life enshrined in Article 6 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights to which Sri Lanka is a State Party.
It is my responsibility under the mandate provided to me by the Commission on Human Rights and extended by the Human Rights Council, to seek to clarify all cases brought to our attention. Since I am expected to report on these cases, I would be grateful for your cooperation and your observations on the following matters:
1. Are the facts alleged in the summary accurate?
2. Please provide the details, and where available the results, of the police investigations into the killing of the persons listed in the Annex.
3. Please indicate whether witnesses to these attacks have been afforded with adequate security and witness protection.
4. Please indicate whether compensation has been provided to the victims and the families of the victims.

LIST OF HUMANITARIAN WORKERS REPORTEDLY KILLED (SINCE 2006)


Mr. Shanmugaratnam Pathmanathan (HUDEC) – Caritas Jaffna, killed on 9 April 2006, Jaffna
Mr. Chelvendra Pradeepkumar , HUDEC – Caritas Jaffna, killed on 9 April 2006, Jaffna
Mr. Jeyaruban Gnanapragasam, Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), killed on 16 May 2006, Vavuniya
Mr. Ratnam Ratnaraja, North East Irrigated Agriculture Project (NEIAP), killed on 26 May 2006, Kalviyankadu, Batticaloa
Mr. Rasiah Muraleeswaran, Mason in a Tsunami Housing Scheme funded by FORUT, killed on 8 July 2006, Polikandy, Vadamarachchy, Jaffna
Ms. Kokilavathani, Action Contre la Faim, killed on 4/ 5 August 2006, Mutur, Trincomalee
Ms. Romila, Action Contre la Faim, killed on 4/5 August 2006, Mutur, Trincomalee
Ms. Kavitha, Action Contre la Faim, killed on 4/5 August 2006, Mutur, Trincomalee
Mr. Kovarthani, Action Contre la Faim, killed on 4/5 August 2006, Mutur, Trincomalee
Mr. A.L. Mohammed Jawffar, Action Contre la Faim, killed on 4/ 5 August 2006, Mutur, Trincomalee
Mr. Sritharan, Action Contre la Faim, killed on 4/5 August 2006, Mutur, Trincomalee
Mr. Kodeeswaran, Action Contre la Faim, killed on 4/ 5 August 2006, Mutur, Trincomalee
Mr. Jaseelan, Action Contre la Faim, killed on 4/5 August 2006, Mutur, Trincomalee
Mr. Ganesh, Action Contre la Faim, killed on 4/5 August 2006, Mutur, Trincomalee
Mr. Narmathan, Action Contre la Faim, killed on 4/5 August 2006, Mutur, Trincomalee
Mr. Ketheswaran, Action Contre la Faim, killed on 4/5 August 2006, Mutur, Trincomalee
Mr. Rishikesan, Action Contre la Faim, killed on 4/ 5 August 2006, Mutur, Trincomalee
Mr. Muralitharan, Action Contre la Faim, killed on 4/5 August 2006, Mutur, Trincomalee
Mr. Arulrajah, Action Contre la Faim, killed on 4/ 5 August 2006, Mutur, Trincomalee
Mr. Pratheepan, Action Contre la Faim, killed on 4/ 5 August 2007 in Mutur, Trincomalee
Mr. Koneswaran, Action Contre la Faim, killed on 4/ 5 August 2006, Mutur, Trincomalee
Mr. Anantharajah, Action Contre la Faim, killed on 4/ 5 August 2006, Mutur, Trincomalee
Mr. Nagarasa Thavaranjitham, Sri Lanka Red Cross Society, killed on 20 August 2006, Cheddikulam, Vavuniya
Mr. P. Jestly Julian, UNOPS, killed on 24 August 2006, Thirukkovil, Ampara
Mr. Sathiyamoorthey, Sewalanka, killed on 1 September 2006, Karavedyy, Jaffna
Mr. Ragunathan Ramalingam, World Concern, killed on 12 September 2006, Nilaveli Road, Trincomalee
Mr. Sabaratnam Rubesh, Terre des Hommes, killed on 23 November 2006, Kalmunai, Ampara
Mr. Muthuraja Aruleswaran, Tamil Rehabilitation Organisation (TRO), killed on 24 March 2007, Mannar
Mr. W. Chandrasiri, Village of Hope, killed on 1 April 2007, Maliampaaveli, Batticaloa
Mr. T. M. Dhanapala, Village of Hope, killed on 1 April 2007, Mailampassveli, Batticaloa
Mr. W. Dhanapala, Village of Hope, killed on 1 April 2007, Mailampassveli, Batticaloa
Mr. T. Wijekoon, Village of Hope, killed on 1 April 2007, Mailampassveli, Batticaloa
Mr. L. M. Dayananda Kapporal, Village of Hope, killed on 1 April 2007, Mailampassveli, Batticaloa
Mr. Maduranga Kapporal, Village of Hope, killed on 1 April 2007, Mailampassveli, Batticaloa
Mr. S. Shanmugalingam, Sri Lanka Red Cross Society, killed on 2 June 2007, Colombo/Ratnapura
Mr. Karthakesu Chandramohan, Sri Lanka Red Cross Society, killed on 2 June 2007, Colombo/Ratnapura
Mr. Arumainayagam Alloysius, Danish Refugee Council, killed on 23 July 2007, Jaffna
Mr. Sivasamy Sritharan, Danish Demining Group (DDG), killed on 20 August 2007, Kasthooriar road, Jaffna

Response from the Government of Sri Lanka dated 27 September 2007
The Government responded to the letters sent on 12 September 2007, 19 September 2007 and 20 September 2007
HE Mr. Dayan Jayatilleka will in due course forward your communications to the competent authorities in Colombo seeking urgent responses to the several alleged events and issues raised by you in the aforementioned communications. However, pending such detailed responses, with the aid of the presently available information at my Mission, I wish to place before you the following information and comment for you consideration.
Incident involving the killing of 17 workers of ACF
The town of Muttur in the Trincomalee District of the Eastern Province of Sri Lanka, came under terrorist attack by the LTTE in early August 2006. The attack commenced in the late hours of the lst of August 2006, and security forces of the government took immediate steps to repulse the attack. However, it was after several days that the security forces were able to regain control of the town. LTTE long range artillery fell on civilian areas of Muttur including on the government hospital, forcing virtually all the residents of the town to flee the area in search of secure locations on 2nd August 2006. LTTE cadres had temporarily gained control over most parts of the Muttur town from midday of the 2nd August 2007. Security forces of the government who were inducted to Muttur from the northern and southern boundaries of the town, faced severe resistance from the LTTE, but were able to penetrate LTTE forward lines and enter the city. After the security forces secured the area on the 6th August 2006, civilians commenced returning to their homes.
According to available material, 17 workers of the ACF project office in Muttur (situated very close to the government hospital compound) had remained at the project office, notwithstanding virtually all residents of the entire neighbourhood fleeing the area. Their bodies were found by the police in the evening of the 6th August 2006 at the compound of the project office. ACF workers had ceased communicating with the ACF office in Trincomalee and with their family members, in the early hours of the 4th August 2006, indicating that they were killed in the early hours of the 4th August 2006.
Following the receipt of information regarding the killing of the ACF workers in Muttur, a special team of police investigators were entrusted to investigate into the incident. A Magisterial inquest was initiated and post mortem examinations into the remains of the deceased were conducted by a consultant judicial medical officer. Thereafter, the remains of the 17 deceased were handed over to their families. Due to the nature of the killings, within the first week following the killings, the Criminal Investigation Department (which is the premier criminal investigation agency of the Sri Lanka Police) took over the investigations into the incident. Criminal investigators were successful in collecting empty firearm bullet casings from the scene of the crime. Statements of several key witnesses were also recorded by the police.
Due to the need to ensure that detailed scientific investigations are conducted into the incident, the Government of Sri Lanka requested the Australian Government to provide technical assistance to the local investigators. The Government of Australia made available, to the Sri Lankan authorities the services of an Australian Forensic Pathologist. In October 2006 the bodies of 10 deceased which had been buried were exhumed under magisterial supervision and a second round of post mortem examinations were conducted. During this round, several firearm projectiles were found and collected for ballistics examinations in the presence of the Australian Forensic Pathologist. Subsequently, the projectiles were examined by the foremost ballistics expert at the Sri Lanka Government Analyst Department, and he concluded that all projectiles were of 7.62 calibre. However, Dr. Malcolm Dodd who is an Australian Forensic Pathologist, who was associated with the Sri Lankan Forensic Pathologist on the occasion of the second round of post mortem examinations at which these projectiles were recovered, issuing a report, expressed the view that one of the projectiles recovered was not of the 7.62 calibre, but was of the 5.56 calibre. Relying on this opinion of the Australian ballistics expert, the International Commission of Jurists (ICJ) rushed to an erroneous conclusion and issued a public report (commonly referred to as the Birnbaum Report) alleging that there was evidence of productions tampering and cast aspersions on the integrity of the investigations conducted by the Sri Lankan authorities. Having noted the opinion of Dr. Dodd on the identification of the projectile in issue, the Sri Lankan ballistics expert insisted on the accuracy of his findings and presented scientific evidence and criteria based on which he arrived at his findings. This material was made available to the public by the Attorney General of Sri Lanka and was also submitted to Dr. Dodd. Dr. Dodd issuing a supplementary report has now confirmed that his previous finding was erroneous and that in fact the projectile in issue is of the 7.62 calibre. Dr. Dodd has also specifically stated that, he never thought that the projectile in issue had been substituted, and has categorically refuted the suggestion made in the Birnbaum Report of the International Commission of Jurists that there was evidence of deliberate substitution of an exhibit. Thus, the supplementary report of Dr. Dodd clearly and finally solves the entire issue, and makes it abundantly clear that all projectiles recovered from the remains were in fact of the 7.62 calibre and that the integrity of the productions and the findings of the Sri Lankan experts are valid.
In November 2006, the President of Sri Lanka appointed a Commission of Inquiry to investigate and inquire into 15 incidents amounting to serious violations of Human Rights. The killing of 17 workers of the ACF was the first incidents on the schedule of incidents of the warrant appointing the Commission. The work of this Commission is being observed by an International Independent Group of Eminent Persons. The first case undertaken to be investigated and inquired into by this Commission, is the killing of the 17 ACF workers. The investigation conducted by the Commission is in progress. The material collected by the Commission based on investigations conducted so far remains confidential. Public inquiries into the incident are likely to commence shortly.
When the findings of the Commission of Inquiry are made public, Sri Lanka's Permanent Mission in Geneva will promptly forward to you the said findings. Furthermore, as the 'Criminal Investigation Department is also continuing with their investigation into this incident, the Mission will in due course present to you its findings, no sooner the investigation is completed.
Please be assured Mr. Alston, that all allegations pertaining to Human Rights violations made against the members of the security forces and the police will be promptly and comprehensively investigated into by the competent authorities of Sri Lanka, and indeed those found responsible for such violations will be dealt with in accordance with the prevailing Sri Lankan law.
Sri Lanka's Mission in Geneva will continue to keep you informed of the progress made with regards to investigations, inquiries and prosecutions pertaining to the incidents referred to in your communicatioris.
Sri Lanka: Death in Custody of Thadallage Chamil Weerasena
Violation alleged: Death in custody
Subject(s) of appeal: 1 male
Character of reply: Receipt acknowledged
Observations of the Special Rapporteur
The Special Rapporteur looks forward to receiving a substantive response concerning the death in custody of Thadallage Chamil Weerasena. The SR would note, however, that the Government has already taken longer than the customary 90 days to respond.
Allegation letter dated 20 September 2007
I am writing concerning the death of Mr. Thadallage Chamil Weerasena at Ratgama Police Station on 21 July, 2007.
According to information received:
Mr. Thadallage Chamil Weerasena was arrested on the above date and taken to Ratgama Police Station, Galle District. The victim’s mother travelled to the police station the same morning and observed her son detained in a police cell but was reportedly prevented from approaching the cell by police officers. A friend of the victim who was able to visit him later the same day stated that the victim reported being assaulted by the police. The victim’s elder brother and mother returned to the police station later that day where they saw the victim’s dead body lying inside the police cell covered in a sarong. A relative observed injuries to the back, chest and face of the victim, including blood to his head.
It was reported that on 22 July, 2007 a doctor took photographs of the body and that a magistrate indicated later in a letter that Mr. Weerasena died of hanging. Three years previously the police had reportedly filed charges against Mr. Weerasena for possession of drugs and the case was still pending before court at the time of his death.
Without in any way implying any conclusion as to the facts of the case, I would like to recall that Article 6 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) to which Sri Lanka is a Party, enshrines the right not to be arbitrarily deprived of one’s life. When the State detains an individual, it is held to a heightened level of diligence in protecting that individual’s rights. As a consequence, when an individual dies in State custody, there is a presumption of State responsibility. In this respect, I would like to recall the conclusion of the Human Rights Committee in a custodial death case (Dermit Barbato v. Uruguay, communication no. 84/1981 (1990)): “While the Committee cannot arrive at a definite conclusion as to whether Hugo Dermit committed suicide, was driven to suicide or was killed by others while in custody; yet, the inescapable conclusion is that in all the circumstances the Uruguayan authorities either by act or by omission were responsible for not taking adequate measures to protect his life, as required by article 6 (1) of the Covenant.”
I should like to appeal to your Excellency’s Government to seek clarification of the circumstances regarding the death of the person named above. I would like to stress that each Government has the obligation to protect the right to physical and mental integrity of all persons. This right is set forth inter alia in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.
I would also like to draw your Government’s attention to paragraph 3 of Resolution 2005/39 of the Commission on Human Rights which, “stresses in particular that all allegations of torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment must be promptly and impartially examined by the competent national authority, that those who encourage, order, tolerate or perpetrate acts of torture must be held responsible and severely punished, including the officials in charge of the place of detention where the prohibited act is found to have been committed;”.
Moreover, it is my responsibility under the mandate provided to me by the Commission on Human Rights and extended by the Human Rights Council, to seek to clarify all cases brought to my attention. Since I am expected to report on these cases to the Human Rights Council, I would be grateful for your cooperation and your observations on the following matters:
1. Are the facts alleged in the above summary of the case accurate?
2. Please provide the details, and where available the results, of any investigation, medical examinations, and judicial or other inquiries which may have been carried out in relation to the case of Mr Weerasena.
3. In the event that the alleged perpetrators are identified, please provide the full details of any prosecutions which have been undertaken; Have penal, disciplinary or administrative sanctions been imposed on the alleged perpetrators?
4. Please indicate whether compensation has been provided to the family of the victim.
Response from the Government of Sri Lanka dated 27 September 2007
HE Mr. Dayan Jayatilleka will in due course forward your communications [dated 12 September, 19 September and 20 September 2007] to the competent authorities in Colombo seeking urgent responses to the several alleged events and issues raised by you in the aforementioned communications.
Sri Lanka: Assassination of Thiyagarajah Maheswaran
Violation alleged: Impunity
Subject(s) of appeal: 1 male
Character of reply: Cooperative but incomplete response
Observations of the Special Rapporteur
The Special Rapporteur appreciates the information provided by the Government of Sri Lanka concerning the killing of Thiyagarajah Maheswaran. However, the SR notes that he has received no information concerning the reasons which prompted the decision by the Government to reduce his security detail.
Allegation letter dated 21 January 2008 sent with Special Representative of the

Secretary-General on the situation of human rights defenders


We would like to draw the attention of your Government to information we have received regarding Mr Thiyagarajah Maheswaran. Mr Thiyagarajah Maheswaran was a Colombo district parliamentarian of the opposition United National Party (UNP) and former Hindu Affairs Minister.
According to information received:
On 1 January 2008, Mr Thiyagarajah Maheswaran was reportedly killed by an unknown gunman. According to reports, Mr Maheswaran’s assassination took place a few hours after he had told media in Colombo that he would reveal details in Parliament of government involvement in abductions and killings in Jaffna allegedly carried out by the Eelam People’s Democratic Party (EPDP) paramilitary. In December 2007, the Government of Sri Lanka had reportedly reduced the security provided to Mr Thiyagarajah Maheswaran as a parliamentarian from eighteen persons to only two.
Concern is expressed that the reduction of the security detail of Mr Thiyagarajah Maheswaran may have been linked to his human rights activities. Further concern is expressed that the subsequent killing of Mr Thiyagarajah Maheswaran may have been related to his work in defence of human rights.
While we do not wish to prejudge the accuracy of these allegations, we would like to refer Your Excellency's Government to the fundamental principles set forth in the Declaration on the Right and Responsibility of Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and Protect Universally Recognized Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, and in particular articles 1 and 2 which state that "everyone has the right individually or in association with others, to promote and to strive for the protection and realization of human rights and fundamental freedoms at the national and international levels” and that “each State has a prime responsibility and duty to protect, promote and implement all human rights and fundamental freedoms, inter alia, by adopting such steps as may be necessary to create all conditions necessary in the social, economic, political and other fields, as well as the legal guarantees required to ensure that all persons under its jurisdiction, individually and in association with others, are able to enjoy all those rights and freedoms in practice”.
Furthermore, we would like to bring to the attention of your Excellency’s Government the following provisions of the Declaration:
- article 6 points b) and c) which provide that everyone has the right, individually and in association with others as provided for in human rights and other applicable international instruments, freely to publish, impart or disseminate to others views, information and knowledge on all human rights and fundamental freedoms; and to study, discuss, form and hold opinions on the observance, both in law and in practice, of all human rights and fundamental freedoms and, through these and other appropriate means, to draw public attention to those matters.
- article 12 paras 2 and 3 of the Declaration which provide that the State shall take all necessary measures to ensure the protection by the competent authorities of everyone, individually and in association with others, against any violence, threats, retaliation, de facto or de jure adverse discrimination, pressure or any other arbitrary action as a consequence of his or her legitimate exercise of the rights referred to in the Declaration.
We would like to refer to the fundamental principles set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Articles 3 and 6 of these instruments, respectively, provide that every individual has the right to life and security of the person, that this right shall be protected by law and that no one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his or her life.
We also wish to draw the attention Your Excellency's Government to The Principles on the Effective Prevention and Investigation of Extra-legal, Arbitrary and Summary Executions, Economic and Social Council resolution 1989/65 of 24 May 1989. In particular, principles 4 and 9 to 19 oblige Governments to guarantee effective protection through judicial or other means to individuals and groups who are in danger of extra-legal, arbitrary or summary executions.
In the event that your investigations support or suggest the above allegations to be correct, we urge your Government to take all necessary measures to guarantee that the rights and freedoms of the aforementioned persons are respected and accountability of any person guilty of the alleged violations ensured. We also request that your Government adopt effective measures to prevent the recurrence of these acts.
Moreover, it is our responsibility under the mandates provided to us by the Commission on Human Rights and extended by the Human Rights Council, to seek to clarify all cases brought to our attention. Since we are expected to report on these cases to the Human Rights Council, we would be grateful for your cooperation and your observations on the following matters, when relevant to the case under consideration:
1. Are the facts alleged in the above summary of the case accurate?
2. Has a complaint been lodged on behalf of Mr Thiyagarajah Maheswaran?
3. Please provide details about the reasons which prompted the reduction in December 2007 of the level of security provided to Mr Thiyagarajah Maheswaran?
4. Please provide the details, and where available the results, of any investigation and judicial or other inquiries carried out in relation to the killing of Mr Thiyagarajah Maheswaran, and how they conform to international standards. If no inquiries have taken place, or if they have been inconclusive, please explain why.
5. In the event that the alleged perpetrators are identified, please provide the full details of any prosecutions which have been undertaken; will penal, disciplinary or administrative sanctions be imposed on the alleged perpetrators?

Afghanistan: death sentence of sayed perwiz kambaksh
Australia: death in custody of mulrunji
Bangladesh: attack on journalist sumi khan
Bangladesh: “crossfire” killings by the rapid action batallion
Brazil: killing of rodson da silva rodrigues, aurina rodrigues santana and paulo rodrigo santana
Brazil: killing of land rights activist valmir mota de oliveira
Chile: asesinato de matías catrileo quezada, activista por los derechos de la tierra.
Colombia: asesinato de susana particia galeano en argelia, antioquia
Respuesta del gobierno de colombia del 26 de julio de 2007
Colombia: muertes y amenazas de muerte contra líderes sindicales
Colombia: asesinato de francisco puerta
Respuesta del gobierno de colombia del 4 de abril de
Respuesta del gobierno de ecuador del 23 de abril de 2007
Ethiopia: accountability for deaths of demonstrators in june and november 2005
Guatemala: amenazas de muerte en contra de maynor roberto berganza betancourt y su familia
Honduras: muerte de heraldo zuñiga y de roger ivan cartagena
India: death in custody of raju roy s/o mr. badal roy
Response form the government of indonesia dated 31 july 2007
Islamic republic of iran: death sentences of seven men in connection with attacks linked to jondallah
Urgent appeal dated 20 june 2007 sent with the special rapporteur on the question of torture
Response from the government of the islamic republic of iran dated 19 february 2008
Islamic republic of iran: death sentence of soghra najafpoor
Islamic republic of iran: death sentence of mohammad reza haddadi
Jordan: death in custody of `ala’ abu `utair
Kyrgyzstan: death in custody of akylbek sakeev
Malaysia: killing of five migrant workers
Mexico: muertes durante manifestaciones en oaxaca
Myanmar: death in custody of maung chan kun
Nigeria: ultimatum from the joint task force on the niger delta (jtf) to the leaders of the ughelli community
Pakistan: “shoot on sight” orders issued following clashes in karachi and the north west frontier province
Pakistan: “shoot to kill”-order issued in the context of parliamentary elections
Response from the government of the philippines dated 19 june 2007
Philippines: impunity for killing of leftist activists
Response from the government of the philippines dated 26 february 2008
Response from the government of saudi arabia dated 16 july 2007
Subject(s) of appeal:
Singapore: death sentences of tan chor jin, hamir hasim, kamal kupli and abdul malik
Sri lanka: killings of journalists and media workers
Response from the government of sri lanka dated 26 march 2008
Syrian arab republic: honour killing of huda abu assaly
Response from the government of thailand dated 5 september 2007
United states of america: killing of civilians following air strikes in afghanistan
Venezuela (bolivarian republic of): amenazas de muerte contra tres jóvenes en caracas
Response from the government of viet nam dated 18 december 2007
Response from the government of zimbabwe dated 26 april 2007



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